Demystifying the balance sheet and its components.
The balance sheet highlights:
- What you own (assets)
- What you owe (liabilities)
- Your net worth (assets minus liabilities)
- The simple formula is: Assets minus Liabilities equals Owner’s Equity or Net Worth.
- Current or short-term assets – These include those assets that will be used up or changed into cash within a year. In this category, you can include assets such as cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and inventory.
- Fixed assets – These include assets for long-term use. In this category, you can include assets such as buildings and equipment.
1. Debt (money owed to others)
a) Current or short-term debt (such as lines of credit) is expected to be paid off within a year.
b) Long-term debt (such as mortgages or loans) will take more than one year to pay off.
2. Owner’s equity or net worth (the proportion of asset value that represents money invested by the business owner/s).
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About the author
Marjorie Weber has been educating entrepreneurs and guiding them in their search for capital for the past 16 years: combining business training programs with one-on-one mentoring. She was Chair of SCORE Miami Dade from 2010 to 2014 and is currently a financial advisor for SBDC/FIU. She also serves as an advisor to the Goldman Sachs 10,000 Small Business Program and the SBA Emerging Leaders Program and provides training for Veterans seeking an entrepreneurial path upon retirement from the service. She has been facilitating workshops under the auspices of Miami Bayside Foundation for the past 3 years. She commenced her career as a real estate investment banker in New York and Miami.She uses these long term relationships to assist her clients in accessing capital. She knows both the process and the people and has assisted in providing financing for hundreds of businesses in Miami Dade.