When buying a business, make sure you do your due diligence
Whether your buying an existing company or investing in a franchise, youll want to hire professionals, including accountants and lawyers, to help you work through the process. If not, you may be overpaying or find hidden liabilities that may come back to haunt you.
Not every entrepreneur starts a business from scratch. Sometimes they find an existing business for sale that suits their talents and needs. This includes any manner of businesses or even a franchise. In this article, we well discuss what you need to do before moving forward on such a purchase and the need to do your due diligence.
Due diligence is defined as the act of performing a reasonable investigation into the facts and circumstances of a transaction to get a complete understanding of the transaction. Your goal is to get as much information about the transaction as possible so you can make an informed decision before jumping into any purchase. Such a purchase shouldnt be from just the heart, but also must be carefully and objectively analyzed, usually with the assistance of both your attorney and accountant.
1. Buying a Business-Property and Assets
Having just completed work on a purchase for a client, let me walk you through what we had to do to properly determine if it was the best deal for him.
The business was found through a business broker who advertised it on behalf of his client. Its very important to remember that business brokers arent working for you. Their job is to sell the business for their client. Read the brokerage contract very carefully or, better yet, have your attorney review it. The initial terms are usually presented therein as to sale price and asset allocation. Then its time to start doing your homework.
In our particular case, the business was being purchased out of state. Its always imperative that you visit the site to see what really exists. If its a brick-and-mortar operation with real property, you need to get a current valuation of the real estate and check for any liens against the property and if all real estate taxes have been paid. If its a rental property, one thing you want to be sure of is whether the lease is transferable and what terms the landlord would expect from you.
You also want to examine any equipment that comes with the purchase. The seller will be valuing that equipment in the purchase price. That valuation will have a direct effect on your taxes, so how the assets are valued is very important to you. The higher the hard assets are valued, as opposed to goodwill or other intangibles, the better for you. The opposite is true for the seller, so this will most likely be a point of negotiation. Be sure to get the best fair-market value that you can.
2. Buying a Business- The Finances
While the attorneys are reviewing the contracts and doing lien searches, your accountant will be looking at all of the financial information. That will include the assets as well as the debts and liabilities of the business. Your accountant will need to look over the past financial information including, but not limited to, the financial statements, tax returns, the entity structure, payroll and compensation policies, and owners draw.
In some cases, this may require analyzing the general-ledger accounts for the past year and current year-to-date. The general ledger will reveal a much more detailed picture of the expenditures. Of course, if the business has kept its books and records on the accrual basis, as opposed to the cash basis, youll also look at the accounts payable and receivable. Your accountant will then look to determine if the purchase price appears to be fairly valued and will do a projected financial outlook based upon the findings.
About the author
Sandra Napoleon-Hudson is the managing member of Sandra Napoleon-Hudson CPA LLC, based in Atlanta. Her expertise includes multi-state taxation for corporations, partnerships and individuals, business consulting, sports and entertainment taxation and IRS representation. As a former partner of a New York firm, she appeared frequently on television and in print media.Website